Menu
Patronat honorowy Patronage
  1. Główna
  2. >
  3. WysokieNapiecie.pl in english
  4. >
  5. The share of coal in the energy sector has decreased to 63%.

The share of coal in the energy sector has decreased to 63%.

In 2023, Poland once again set a record for the production of electricity from renewable sources. According to preliminary estimates from WysokieNapiecie.pl, they generated well over 40 TWh, accounting for 27% of the country's total production. Simultaneously, the share of coal dropped to its lowest level in history.
wegiel energetyka 2023


According to preliminary data from PSE, ARE, and ENTSOE, analyzed by the WysokieNapiecie.pl portal, Poland produced almost 166 TWh of electricity in 2023. Of this, 44 TWh came from renewable energy sources, with half of it supplied by onshore wind farms.

The share of coal in Poland’s electricity production in 2023 decreased to 63%, the share of renewable sources increased to 27%, and the share of gas reached 10%. While the gas share remains at the level observed in 2020, coal and renewable sources demonstrated the fastest changes in history.

Renewable energy sources increased their share in the national energy mix from 20% to 27% over the course of the year, while the share of coal decreased from 73% to 63%, reaching the lowest level in over 100 years of Polish power engineering history.

This pace aligns with the latest scenario from the Ministry of Climate and Environment, formed after Russia’s aggression against Ukraine and the outbreak of the fuel war between Russia and the EU. The upcoming update to Poland’s Energy Policy assumes that over the next decade, the share of coal will continue to decline at a similar rate, reaching just under 20% by 2035.

In 2023, such significant dynamics of changes were possible due to the convergence of several factors. A key factor was, of course, the increase in installed capacity in renewable energy sources, especially in photovoltaics (mainly residential) and wind farms. To a small extent, hydrological conditions also contributed (up until November, hydroelectric power plants supplied the system with 25% more energy than the previous year).

However, a significant role was played by the decrease in the total national energy production, primarily attributed to coal-fired power plants. From January to November, electricity generation in brown coal-fired power plants decreased by as much as 27% compared to the same period in 2022, while coal-fired power plants provided consumers with 17% less electricity during this time.

The decrease in production was largely a result of a significant drop in demand from consumers both domestically (by over 3% year-on-year) and abroad. While in 2022 Poland exported a net of over 1 TWh of electricity, in 2023 imports exceeded exports by nearly 4 TWh.

The abrupt change in the energy mix had a significant impact on the domestic market for coal. From January to October, professional power plants burned just under 24 million tons of coal, compared to over 29 million tons in the same period the previous year, and a total of 38 million tons of coal throughout 2021.

The social agreement for the mining sector envisages maintaining the capacity to extract coal that exceeds the demand anticipated by the government. This could imply the necessity of subsidizing coal exports.

Partnerzy portalu

The European Union aims to promote the domestic wind industry and restrict Chinese companies in the EU market. There is an ongoing discussion on how to achieve this goal without throwing out the baby with the bathwater.
Power generating windmills

Partnerzy portalu

Members of the majority coalition have agreed on a draft law on energy prices, wind farms, and a special fee, amounting to nearly PLN 15 billion, imposed on Orlen. For the third consecutive year, the law will keep electricity and natural gas prices unchanged. It also extends the reductions in district heating prices for 2024. At the same time, it unfreezes investments in wind farms and reinstates the obligation to trade electricity on the stock exchange
Orlen

Partnerzy portalu

It’s the batteries, stupid. We could repeat that rephrased wisdom again and again until everybody understands how critical they are to not only our rEVolution but to the energy transition in general. The thing is that in my many EV conversations, mostly with skeptics and semi-enthusiasts, to put it mildly, I could make a fortune if I was given a dime every time people ask me: what about hydrogen and fuel cells? They never ask about lithium-ion batteries, and they certainly don’t venture into discussions of NMC vs. LFP vs. other types of batteries. Well, we pay attention to real-world solutions and how they evolve, and here comes some big news. BMW has just confirmed it will use LFP battery cells soon (and it is also working on solid-state battery and sodium-ion battery cells).
Hand holding battery
Rozwój i upowszechnienie na szeroką skalę technologii magazynowania energii jest niezwykle pożądane. Fot. Depositphotos.

Partnerzy portalu

On election Sunday, a record-breaking 16 hours of the day were valued below zero on the Warsaw energy exchange. The market reacted to a miscalculated forecast of high Renewable Energy Sources (RES) production. Ultimately, prices on the Balancing Market did not fall below zero even for a moment. However, RES have already lost the right to green certificates, guaranteed tariffs, or coverage of negative balances from RES auctions. Almost no one remembered these provisions of the Renewable Energy Sources Act.
oze

Partnerzy portalu

Brussels wants the wind to blow for European companies. But at what cost?` The European Union aims to promote the domestic wind industry and restrict Chinese companies in the EU market. There is an ongoing discussion on how to achieve this goal without throwing out the baby with the bathwater.
Freezing electricity, gas, and heating prices. Orlen will spend PLN 15 billion` Members of the majority coalition have agreed on a draft law on energy prices, wind farms, and a special fee, amounting to nearly PLN 15 billion, imposed on Orlen. For the third consecutive year, the law will keep electricity and natural gas prices unchanged. It also extends the reductions in district heating prices for 2024. At the same time, it unfreezes investments in wind farms and reinstates the obligation to trade electricity on the stock exchange
BMW Going With New Batteries For Its Ambitious EV Plans` It’s the batteries, stupid. We could repeat that rephrased wisdom again and again until everybody understands how critical they are to not only our rEVolution but to the energy transition in general. The thing is that in my many EV conversations, mostly with skeptics and semi-enthusiasts, to put it mildly, I could make a fortune if I was given a dime every time people ask me: what about hydrogen and fuel cells? They never ask about lithium-ion batteries, and they certainly don’t venture into discussions of NMC vs. LFP vs. other types of batteries. Well, we pay attention to real-world solutions and how they evolve, and here comes some big news. BMW has just confirmed it will use LFP battery cells soon (and it is also working on solid-state battery and sodium-ion battery cells).

Partnerzy portalu

Śledź zmiany w energetyce.
Zapisz się do naszego newslettera!